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Eterna Wristwatches

History

This is the history of the brand Eterna since the establishment of the company and up to the most modern of watches produced under this brand.

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Eterna

The history of the famous watch brand Eterna has its origins in the ancient Swiss town of Grenchen (Grenchen), located at the foot of the Jura mountains in the canton of Solothurn. In the mid-nineteenth century, Switzerland was experiencing an economic crisis, which is particularly reflected badly on the residents of small towns. For the revival of the economy in Grenchen City Council accepted the proposal of Dr. Joseph Girard (Josef Girard, 1803-1869) to develop the watch industry.
The allocated budget money and Joseph Girard farmer Anton Schild (Anton Schild) organized a training workshop in 1851, which invited the famous watchmakers began to teach the basics of Grenchen residents watchmaking. Soon Joseph Girard and his brother Yusebom Girardi (Euseb Girard, 1806-1883) opened a workshop for the assembly of watch movements «Girard Frères & Kunz». But unfortunately, the company has existed for a long time and not because of economic difficulties have had to close shop in 1856. However, Joseph Girard has not stopped and made a second attempt to organize a new watchmaker. This time, the partners were invited to the son of Anton Schild - school teacher Urs Schild (Urs Schild, 1829-1888). So together we created a new company «Dr. Girard & Schild », which is the ancestor of modern watches Eterna.
One of the first steps of the young company «Dr. Girard & Schild »was the acquisition of land for the construction of the factory. The selected land was near the river, the water of which would be used as an energy source. In a highly competitive company «Dr. Girard & Schild »until 1862 was not a success and brought losses. Only since 1863 has started financial growth and development of the company.
In 1866, Joseph Girard decided to return to medical practice and sold his share in the charter capital of the company Urs Schild. From this moment begins a new chapter in the history of the brand Eterna. As head of the company, later renamed «Schild Freres & Co», Urs Schild began to reform its industrial base. In 1870, the factory was built, equipped with the latest equipment to automate the build process. Increased production led to the involvement of additional human resources. And soon the staff of the company «Schild Freres & Co» has more than 300 people. The success and continued development of the company until the mid 70's of the last century. Intense competition in the watch world has led to a decline in the price of the product, resulting in «Schild Freres & Co» becomes unprofitable. For the rehabilitation of the company was insufficient cost reduction, it was necessary to move on to the issue of hours. So in 1876 there were the first watch brand «Schild Freres & Co».
Three years after the death in 1888 Urs Schild, a company headed by his son Max Schild (Maks Schild), and after another 10 years of management of the company was continued by his brother Theodore Schild (Theodor Schild).
Beginning of the XX century was marked by the company "Schild Freres & Co" increase in sales both within Switzerland and abroad, as well as improving its financial performance. In addition, in 1900, the brand "Schild Freres & Co" was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition, held in Paris.
Six years later, in 1906, the company "Schild Freres & Co" has been renamed to "Fabriques Eterna, Schild Freres & Co", and export mechanisms now carried out under the logo Eterna "ETA".
In 1914, the annually held at the Swiss National Exhibition in Bern "Eterna" introduced the latest development - a watch with an alarm clock, equipped with a patented mechanism size of 13 lines. The back side of the watch case closed by a special metal cover that provides enhanced resonance ringing alarm clock, and the face - grille that protects against damage to the fragile glass dial. These compact and reliable watches have gained widespread popularity during World War II.
In 1928, the company had passed a new milestone: the release of movements reached 1 million units. Watch brand Eterna has become recognizable and popular far beyond the borders of Switzerland, with the greatest popularity was received with a super model body.
In 1930 the company introduced the world's smallest model of women's watches with rectangular mechanism, intended primarily for women who know a lot about fashion. It was also created several collections of men's watches Eterna, a special interest among these is the series of Hexa. It was a pocket watch that could also be used as a desktop. Plant spring mechanism hours Hexa produced when opening or closing the lid of the metal outer skin of leather.
In 1932, Theodor Schild reorganized company Eterna, dividing it into two separate legal entities, one of which - the company "ETA SA" - Began to specialize in the production of watch movements and other parts, and the other - "Eterna SA" - On the assembly of finished watches, and created 8 subsidiary companies included in the group of "Eterna". In the same year the management company Theodor Schild passed to his nephew Rudolf Schild-Comtesse (Rudolf Schild-Comtesse 1900-1978). Under the leadership of Rudolf Schild-Comtesse company made a number of achievements that have become milestones in the art of watch-making, such as a watch with automatic winding rotor, is rotated by a small ball bearing.
Logo "Eterna-matic" first appeared on the dials of watches "Eterna" in 1948, the creation of automatic winding rotor, is rotated by a small bearing on the 5 balls smaller than a millimeter, made possible by the long-term research work being carried out by engineers. The new mechanism has been released with the index in 1199.
The principle of bi-directional rotation used for new mechanisms, allowed to increase their efficiency and reduce the time the plant manual. Moreover, even for one day was increased reserve hours. Creating a self-winding mechanism with a rotor on the bearing is difficult to overestimate the invention of "Eterna" is nothing more dramatic in the automatic winding mechanism is not invented yet. These mechanisms, which are based on the prototype of the watch Eterna, equipped with all manufactured movement with automatic winding.
In 1952 a group of "Eterna" introduced a new modification of the "female" self-winding movement - caliber 2365. Within a few years after the release of the first "pilot" the party of these mechanisms for their implementation capacity has reached 3 million copies. It was a great success.
In 1962, the debut of a male model "Eterna-Matic Dato 3000", equipped with a super slim (3.6 mm) movement with automatic winding and date display, the same were presented Ladies Watch "Sahida" automatic movement with a thickness of about 4 mm. At that time, the group "Eterna" has already become the third largest Swiss company, which published officially certified chronometer self-winding.
In the seventies, "Eterna" opened new horizons for themselves: in 1970, the premiere electronic watches "Eterna - Sonic", and 4 years later the group introduced the first quartz watch with the logo "Eterna". Year 1979 was marked by two major accomplishments of the group "Eterna": first appeared flat for most of the time quartz watch in the world "Linea Quartz Squelette", a thickness of only 1.5 mm, and then - the smallest waterproof model "Estrellita" weighing 1.06 grams. A year later, another record - a collection of "Museum" with the body thickness of 0.98 mm.
Brand "Eterna" to express their individuality in the new collections "Galaxis" and "1856." Last devoted to the 135th anniversary of the founding of new series of Eterna Monterey is expressive range of sports watches. Scratch-resistant sapphire crystal antirefleksnoe hours of this series is securely locked in the smooth made of stainless steel cabinet to achieve water resistance to a depth of 120 to 500 meters depending on the model. Slim, streamlined profile case and bracelet form a unified whole. The bracelet is equipped with a series of Monterey double zipper that allows the clock to tightly cover the wrist, while not delivering any discomfort hand.
In April 1990, a group of "Eterna", the president of which was Amy Herbert (Herbert Ami), proclaimed to revive the former glory of the mechanical clock. Now under the name "Eterna" produced mostly self-winding mechanical watches and chronographs and watches, equipped with a quartz movement, with the share of mechanical watches in the total volume of production is growing steadily.
In 1995, Professor Ferdinand Alexander Porsche is buying a controlling stake in watchmaking company Eterna and begins to develop and produce watches with close cooperation of designers, watchmakers and engineers labeled «Porshe Design». Generation Porsche held a bridge between legacy nearly century and a half of tradition and its future. And the milestones in the history of the company have not only recreated, and new collections Eterna 1948, 1935, and KonTiki, but also «Design-Porsche-INDICATOR» - Chronograph, designed to manufacture Eterna in Grenchen, and launched into production in 2005. In 2006, the president took Eterna Patrick Schwarz, who worked previously at Maurice Lacroix.

Latest Eterna watch offers for sale:

Eterna 1948 Legacy Small Second Watch, Eterna 3030, Silver, Crocodile band Eterna 1948 Legacy Small Second Watch, Eterna 3030, Silver, Crocodile band 1 £12,495.00
NEW $22980.00 18 k Rose Gold ETERNA watch Vaughan Big Date 42 mm 7630.69.10.1185 NEW $22980.00 18 k Rose Gold ETERNA watch Vaughan Big Date 42 mm 7630.69.10.1185 1 £7,500.00
Eterna Centenaire Automatic Watch, 18Kt Rose gold, SW 300, 2960.69.61.1272 Eterna Centenaire Automatic Watch, 18Kt Rose gold, SW 300, 2960.69.61.1272 1 £11,175.00
Eterna1948 Legacy Big Date Watch, 18kt Rose gold, ETA 2824, Silver Eterna1948 Legacy Big Date Watch, 18kt Rose gold, ETA 2824, Silver 2 £7,670.00
Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.10.1185 Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.10.1185 1 £15,875.00
Eterna 1948 Legacy Watch, Eterna 3030, Brown, Crocodile band, 7681.47.51.1320 Eterna 1948 Legacy Watch, Eterna 3030, Brown, Crocodile band, 7681.47.51.1320 1 £7,670.00
Eterna Vaughan Big Date  Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.51.1185 Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.51.1185 1 £15,875.00
Eterna Madison Eight Days  watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, 7720.41.43.1228 Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, 7720.41.43.1228 1 £8,685.00
Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 manual winding, 7720.41.43.1228 Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 manual winding, 7720.41.43.1228 1 £8,685.00
Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 manual winding, 7720.41.43.122<wbr/>8 Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 manual winding, 7720.41.43.122<wbr/>8 2 £5,675.00
Eterna Madison Eight Days  watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, 7720.41.43.122<wbr/>8 Eterna Madison Eight Days watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, 7720.41.43.122<wbr/>8 2 £5,675.00
Eterna Madison Eight-Days watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, Sapphire Eterna Madison Eight-Days watch, Eterna 3510 Manual winding, Sapphire 2 £5,675.00
ETERNA MADISON THREE HANDS 18K PINK GOLD LIMITED Retail $16,495 SPHERODRIVE BNIB ETERNA MADISON THREE HANDS 18K PINK GOLD LIMITED Retail $16,495 SPHERODRIVE BNIB 11 £8,850.00
Eterna Vaughan Big Date  Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.51.118<wbr/>5 Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.51.118<wbr/>5 2 £8,300.00
Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.10.118<wbr/>5 Eterna Vaughan Big Date Watch, Eterna 3030, Sapphire Crystal, 7630.69.10.118<wbr/>5 2 £8,300.00

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